17 Articles by: Jonah Birch

Jonah Birch is a visiting assistant professor in sociology at Appalachian State University and a contributing editor at Jacobin.

The Rise and Fall of French Socialism

France was once the heartland of revolution. Today, its left is battered, and its far right is rising. To understand why, we have to look at François Mitterrand’s socialist government’s turn from radical reform to neoliberal austerity in the 1980s.