The ruling class never wanted to give workers the right to vote. But early socialists fought them tooth and nail to expand the franchise.
Adam J Sacks holds an MA and PhD in history from Brown University and an MS in education from the City College of the City University of New York.
The ultimate aim of socialism is as simple as it is beautiful: the freeing of all people from domination, replacing stunted dreams and alienation with human flourishing and boundless creativity.
The early German socialists fought for the persecuted at home and abroad — convinced that the liberation of workers in Germany was linked to the liberation of oppressed peoples around the globe.
The German Social Democrats built a world of cultural institutions that improved workers' immediate lives — while organizing for a socialist future.