Relentless anticommunism defined the late Richard Pipes as more propagandist than historian.
Kevin Murphy teaches Russian history at the University of Massachusetts Boston. His Revolution and Counterrevolution: Class Struggle in a Moscow Metal Factory won the 2005 Deutscher Memorial Prize.
Over the course of 1917, the Petrograd Soviet transformed from a body willing to negotiate with capital to one ready for revolution.
Russian workers went on strike on International Women's Day 1917. They ended up toppling tsarism.
Historian Robert Conquest was a fierce critic of Stalinist brutality, but Cold War anticommunism hampered his scholarship.